Etymology of Chakra part 0

Okay fellow westerners, if you were not born in the area where your religion, practice, or way of life came from.  I strongly believe that it is a wise to choice to become familiar with such, strictly because when you have translations of translations things become watered down.  I hope I can get through to somebody by posting this.

Somebody “schooled” me on chakras the other day, I listened, but couldn’t help but think that the info this person is giving me is vague.  Chakra is a word that I hear on a regular basis, used very commonly in the social circles I find myself in.

Chakra

http://www.etymonline.com/

1888 in yoga sense, from Skt. cakra “circle, wheel,” from PIE root *kwel- “wheel” (see cycle (n.)).

 

From Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chakra

Bhattacharyya‘s review of Tantric history says that the word chakra is used to mean several different things in the Sanskrit sources:[4]

  1. “Circle,” used in a variety of senses, symbolizing endless rotation of shakti.
  2. A circle of people. In rituals there are different cakra-sādhanā in which adherents assemble and perform rites. According to the Niruttaratantra, chakras in the sense of assemblies are of 5 types.
  3. The term chakra also is used to denote yantras or mystic diagrams, variously known as trikoṇa-cakraaṣṭakoṇa-cakra, etc.
  4. Different “nerve plexus within the body.”

In Buddhist literature the Sanskrit term cakra (Pali cakka) is used in a different sense of “circle,” referring to a Buddhist conception of the Cycle of Rebirth consisting of six states in which beings may be reborn.[5]

The linguist Jorma Koivulehto wrote (2001) of the annual Finnish Kekri celebration having borrowed the word from early Indo-Aryan.[6] Indo-European cognates include Greek kuklosLithuanian kaklasTocharian B kokale and English “wheel,” as well as “circle.”[7]

Cognates of “chakra” still exist in modern Asian languages as well. In Malay, “cakera” means “disc,” e.g. “cakerva padat” = “compact disc.”

 

http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/chakra

The English word chakra is derived from the Sanskrit cakraṃ चक्रं meaning “wheel” or “circle“.[1][2] More generally, the term refers to circular objects or formations, and Apte provides 23 different definitions for cakram used as a noun. Examples include “discus” (a type of divine weapon, particularly associated with the god Vishnu), a potter’s wheel, a form of military array, etc.

Bhattacharyya’s review of Tantric history says that the word chakra is used to mean several different things in the Sanskrit sources:[3]

  1. “Circle,” used in a variety of senses, symbolizing endless rotation of shakti.
  2. A circle of people. In rituals there are different cakra-sādhanā, in which adherents assemble and perform rites. According to the Niruttaratantra, chakras in the sense of assemblies are of five types.
  3. The term chakra also is used to denote yantras or mystic diagrams, variously known as trikoṇa-cakra, aṣṭakoṇa-cakra, etc.
  4. Different “nerve plexi within the body.”

In Buddhist literature, the term cakra (Pali cakka) is used in a different sense of “circle,” referring to a Buddhist conception of the four circles or states of existence in which gods or men may find themselves.[4]

“A chakra is a center of activity that receives, assimilates, and expresses life force energy. The word chakra literally translates as wheel or disk and refers to a spinning sphere of bioenergetic activity emanating from the major nerve ganglia branching forward from the spinal column. There are six of these wheels stacked in a column of energy that spans from the base of the spine to the middle of the forehead. And the seventh which is beyond the physical region. It is the six major chakras that correlate with basic states of consciousness.”[5]

All is from the first page of a google search for chakra, this is just a start I’ll have more on this later later.

http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/

http://www.livingwordsofwisdom.com/chakra-meanings.html

http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/chakra

 

 

 

 

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